Blog | Monday, January 16, 2012

QD: News Every Day--15 top causes of death detailed

Heart disease remains the single most common cause of death, reported the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in its annual report.

The top 15 are:
1. Diseases of heart
2. Malignant neoplasms
3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases
4. Cerebrovascular diseases
5. Accidents (unintentional injuries)
6. Alzheimer’s disease
7. Diabetes mellitus
8. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis
9. Influenza and pneumonia
10. Intentional self-harm (suicide)
11. Septicemia
12. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis
13. Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease
14. Parkinson’s disease
15. Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids

The list remains largely unchanged from 2009.

Among nearly 2.5 million deaths in 2010, the age-adjusted death rate decreased from 749.6 deaths per 100,000 population in 2009 to 746.2 deaths per 100,000 population in 2010. From 2009 to 2010, age-adjusted death rates decreased significantly for seven of the 15 leading causes of death: diseases of heart, malignant neoplasms, chronic lower respiratory diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, accidents (unintentional injuries), influenza and pneumonia, and septicemia.

Assault (homicide) fell from among the top 15 leading causes of death in 2010, replaced by pneumonitis due to solids and liquids. The age-adjusted death rate increased for five leading causes of death: Alzheimer’s disease; nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis; chronic liver disease and cirrhosis; Parkinson's disease, and pneumonitis due to solids and liquids. Life expectancy increased by 0.1 year from 78.6 in 2009 to 78.7 in 2010.

The report is based on death records comprising more than 98% of the demographic and medical files for all deaths in the U.S. in 2010, which were received from state vital statistics offices.