More diabetic patients are controlling their A1c, blood pressure and LDL cholesterol levels, a study found.
To determine the prevalence of people with diabetes who meet the American Diabetes Association's hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol (ABC) recommendations, researchers reviewed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for nearly 5,000 people from 1988-1994, 1999-2002, 2003-2006, and 2007-2010.
Results appeared online Feb. 15 at Diabetes Care.
In 2007-2010, 52.5% of people with diabetes achieved A1c levels of 7% or less (53 mmol/mol), 51.1% achieved blood pressure levels less than 130/80 mmHg, 56.2% achieved LDL levels less than 100 mg/dL, and 18.8% achieved all three of the criteria. These were all significant improvements over the time period of 1988-1994 (all P less than 0.05).
Statin use significantly increased between 1988-1994 (4.2%) and 2007-2010 (51.4%, P less than 0.01). Compared with non-Hispanic whites, Mexican Americans were less likely to meet A1c and LDL goals (P less than 0.03), and non-Hispanic blacks were less likely to meet blood pressure and LDL goals (P less than 0.02). Compared with non-Hispanic blacks, Mexican Americans were less likely to meet A1c goals (P less than 0.01).