Blog | Friday, January 10, 2014

Evaluating physician performance


I was invited to give a talk about “patient satisfaction“ at a recent OB/Gyn Grand Rounds. I have written previously that “satisfaction” is a pretty low bar, and so I spoke instead about the patient experience.

We already recognize that we often provide a poor experience for patients. I explained that we are all being evaluated by our patients in unscientific ways and that we should embrace soliciting a more authentic voice of our patients through surveys, so that we can improve the experience we provide them. I also pointed out that hospitals are already subject to penalties or bonuses from CMS based on their standardized patient survey results and that the same will soon be true for physicians as well.

After my remarks, I received an e-mail from someone who had been there. It included a blog post that implied that it was a fool’s errand to try to evaluate the performance of physicians, and likened it to trying to catch “a cloud with a butterfly net.” Patient surveys were said to be particularly useless, since patients may “like” an incompetent physician. I replied (and believe) that patient surveys are certainly insufficient to evaluate physician performance, but still tell us something important about a particular dimension of care.

I was still thinking about that when I came across two recent articles in the New England Journal of Medicine. Both (here and here) discuss the effort underway by CMS to measure physician performance and tie individual physician payment to it, and both made compelling cases that this effort is deeply flawed. And, frankly, both left me feeling a bit depressed.

I do believe it is important to evaluate physician performance. It is a basic professional obligation, and we can’t improve if we don’t measure. But the current “state of the art” doesn’t seem up to the task. In fact, the “objective measures” of physician performance remind me of the old joke about the drunk who looked for his car keys under the lamppost, not because he dropped them there, but because the light was better. We are measuring things not because they are important, but because we can measure them.

So where does this leave us? Rather than throw in the towel, I believe we should:

 continue to collect and report publically some objective measures of physician performance, recognizing that we have very few that really make sense.

 continue to survey patients about their experience, and strive to improve it.

 move toward measuring and holding physicians accountable for patient outcomes, instead of adherence to physician performance standards. In the end, it is how patients “do” and how they experience care that really count.

Ira S. Nash, MD, FACP, is the senior vice president and executive director of the North Shore-LIJ Medical Group, and a professor of Cardiology and Population Health at Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine. He is Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Diseases and was in the private practice of cardiology before joining the full-time faculty of Massachusetts General Hospital. He then held a number of senior positions at Mount Sinai Medical Center prior to joining North Shore-LIJ. He is married with two daughters and enjoys cars, reading biographies and histories, and following his favorite baseball team, the New York Yankees, when not practicing medicine. This post originally appeared at his blog, Ausculation.