There has been increasing attention over the past decade in engaging patients in patient safety. In infection control this trend has manifest through efforts to have patients monitor and encourage hand hygiene compliance among health care workers. In a related trend, there is also increased interest in patients washing their own hands in a framework called “patient-centered hand hygiene.”
My understanding of this approach is that having patients clean their own hands could potentially increase their engagement in infection control initiatives including encouraging health care workers to practice hand hygiene. This approach might also have the additional benefit in decreasing the organism burden on patients’ hands and interrupting direct or indirect transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms in health care settings.
It is with this background that Kundrapu and colleagues at Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland VA completed a randomized trial of soap and water versus alcohol hand rub in reducing Clostridium difficile spore burden on patients’ hands.
Forty-four infected or colonized patients were included in the study. Hand cultures were positive in 32% of patients with C. difficile infection and 38% of colonized patients prior to hand hygiene. As you can see from the figure below, soap and water significantly reduce the proportion of positive cultures and mean colony forming units, while alcohol hand rub did not. Interestingly, around 10% of patients still had C. difficile recovered after washing with soap and water. Seems like a trial is in order to determine the role of patient hands in transmission and whether cleaner patient hands reduces the incidence of C. difficile infections and other MDROs in hospital settings. One major limitation is that this intervention could not be implemented in settings where the need is the greatest, namely ICUs, since most patients would be too sick to wash their hands.
Eli N. Perencevich, MD, ACP Member, is an infectious disease physician and epidemiologist in Iowa City, Iowa, who studies methods to halt the spread of resistant bacteria in our hospitals (including novel ways to get everyone to wash their hands). This post originally appeared at the blog Controversies in Hospital Infection Prevention.
Blog | Wednesday, February 26, 2014