Friday, December 18, 2015
Gadzooks! There's gluten in my Cheerios!
Gluten is in the news again. Gluten and probiotics are among the 2 dietary issues that most consume my patients. I am asked for my opinion on them several times each week. Although my opinion is solicited, these patients have largely already made up their own minds as they are often avoiding gluten and swallowing zillions of ‘good bacteria’ with zeal and enthusiasm.
Why do they do this in the absence of corroborating medical evidence? Why do millions of voters support Donald Trump's mantra that he will “Make America great again”? Both of these groups do so on faith. When our need to believe something is overpowering, our demand for proof recedes. Many of us need to believe that gluten is the agent responsible for our vague medical complaints that have stymied our doctors. Similarly, our frustration with so many aspects of our society and conventional candidates makes us believe that Trump will turn the nation into yellow brick roads leading to Emerald Cities everywhere.
I take care of patients with true celiac disease who need to avoid gluten. Most of my gluten-avoiding customers are not celiacs, but feel better on their self-prescribed diet. When these folks see me and relate their clinical improvement, I support their decision. Why do I do so after I just mocked the gluten-free zealots?
• Just because there is no medical evidence, doesn't mean it's not true.
• There is scientific basis of true gluten intolerance in folks who do not have celiac disease.
• Never talk a patient out of anything that seems to be helping him.
Recently, General Mills recalled nearly 2 million boxes of gluten-free Cheerios and Honey Nut Cheerios, because these boxes were contaminated with wheat, which contains gluten. The company voluntarily and properly undertook this recall. If a product is represented to be gluten-free, then it should be. Folks who have life threatening allergies to peanuts, for example, depend upon true labeling for their very lives. However, not every manufacturing goof will result in such a dire risk for consumers. Yet, the Cheerios recall is labeled a Class 1 recall, which means that there is a reasonable probability that it will cause serious health consequences or death. Give me a break. The phrasing states will cause, not even may cause. Gluten is not botulism. If a celiac patients ingests some gluten by error, which every 1 of them does throughout their lives, they live to see another day. This FDA's Class 1 designation is over-the-top hyperbole of the first order, if you will forgive my redundancy. We would expect a Class 1 recall to be invoked for a faulty pacemaker, for example.
Who makes up these definitions? Obviously, the FDA wasn't thinking clearly when they did so. They were probably on a sugar high after wolfing down too many bowls of Fruit Loops.
This post by Michael Kirsch, MD, FACP, appeared at MD Whistleblower. Dr. Kirsch is a full time practicing physician and writer who addresses the joys and challenges of medical practice, including controversies in the doctor-patient relationship, medical ethics and measuring medical quality. When he's not writing, he's performing colonoscopies.
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Amanda Xi, ACP Medical Student Member, is a first-year medical student at the OUWB School of Medicine, charter class of 2015, in Rochester, Mich., from which she which chronicles her journey through medical training from day 1 of medical school.
Ira S. Nash, MD, FACP, is the senior vice president and executive director of the North Shore-LIJ Medical Group, and a professor of Cardiology and Population Health at Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine. He is Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Diseases and was in the private practice of cardiology before joining the full-time faculty of Massachusetts General Hospital.
Zackary Berger, MD, ACP Member, is a primary care doctor and general internist in the Division of General Internal Medicine at Johns Hopkins. His research interests include doctor-patient communication, bioethics, and systematic reviews.
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Robert M. Centor, MD, FACP, contributes short essays contemplating medicine and the health care system.
Suneel Dhand, MD, ACP Member
Suneel Dhand, MD, ACP Member, is a practicing physician in Massachusetts. He has published numerous articles in clinical medicine, covering a wide range of specialty areas including; pulmonology, cardiology, endocrinology, hematology, and infectious disease. He has also authored chapters in the prestigious "5-Minute Clinical Consult" medical textbook. His other clinical interests include quality improvement, hospital safety, hospital utilization, and the use of technology in health care.
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Also known as the Green Journal, the American Journal of Medicine publishes original clinical articles of interest to physicians in internal medicine and its subspecialities, both in academia and community-based practice.
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